With a strong infrastructure.. Turkey is a promising energy trade center


Turkey continues to make double efforts to become a center in the natural gas trade and seeks to achieve this by embracing international projects as well as liquefied natural gas facilities and being the only market in the region’s gas trade.


While Turkey contributes to securing energy supplies in the region through international natural gas projects, it continues its efforts to become a center in which natural gas is traded and its price is set.

Following Russia’s proposal to establish a center for natural gas in Turkey for export to foreign markets, it is expected that the roadmap for this proposal will be clarified by the end of this year.

Turkey currently has a strong energy infrastructure, as 7 international natural gas pipelines cross its territory and has 4 LNG facilities, two of which are floating storage and gasification units (FSRU) and two underground natural gas storage facilities.

The Turkish Stream is one of the international projects, as it consists of two marine lines, each of which is 930 km long, extending from the Russian city of Anapa to the Qiyeköy area in the state of Karklareli in western Turkey.


One of the two lines of this project connects to Turkey’s national grid lines, and the other line provides gas transportation to the countries of the European continent, where the capacity of each line is 15.75 billion cubic meters per year.

The Samsun-Ankara main natural gas transmission line, known as the Blue Stream, which reaches Turkey from Russia via the Trans-Black Sea pipeline, provides an annual gas supply of 16 billion cubic meters to Ankara.

This line enters Turkey from the state of Samsun overlooking the Black Sea and passes through the states of Amasya, Chorum and Qirqala to the capital, Ankara.

There is also a natural gas pipeline between Russia and Turkey, which has become inactive with the operation of the Turkish Stream lines.


This line enters Turkish territory from the Mal Koçlar region near the Bulgarian border and passes through the regions of Hami Tabat and Amberli and the provinces of Istanbul, Izmit, Bursa and Eskişehir to reach Ankara and is known as the Western Line.

The Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP), which transports Azerbaijani gas through Turkish territory, currently passes through it 16 billion cubic meters of gas annually, including 6 billion cubic meters to Turkey and 10 billion cubic meters to Europe.

A decision was taken to increase the capacity of the Tanab project, which was originally designed to increase its capacity to 32 billion cubic metres. It is expected that work in this direction will begin soon.


The pipelines of the TANAP project enter Turkish territory from the Bosov region on the Georgian border and meet the TAP pipelines across the Adriatic Sea at the Greek border, where it crosses from 20 states, 67 regions and 600 Turkish villages before connecting to the TAP pipelines.

Turkey can also import gas from Azerbaijan through the Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum natural gas pipeline.

On the other hand, Turkey annually provides 10 billion cubic meters of Iranian natural gas through the main transmission line in eastern Anatolia.

In recent years, Turkey has discovered natural gas fields in the Black Sea, and the quantities discovered in those fields amount to 540 billion cubic meters, which are expected to be extracted by the first quarter of next year.


With regard to ensuring the security of energy supplies and the diversity of resources, Turkey enjoys a privileged position in the gas infrastructure, especially since Turkey’s importance has become more clear during the current energy crisis taking place all over the world.The facility operated by Etki Liman in Izmir (west) is the first floating storage and gasification facility (FSRU) in Turkey, with a daily pumping capacity of 20 million cubic meters of gas to the main network.

And the latest projects that came into use in Turkey are the storage and gasification unit in Dortyol in the Hatay state, and it is one of the forty projects of this kind in the world.

The Underground Natural Gas Storage Facility in Silivri district of Istanbul is the first underground natural gas storage facility in Turkey that can store 4.6 billion cubic meters of gas annually.


While the underground natural gas storage facility located in the “Tuzgulu” area of ​​Ankara can store 1.2 billion cubic meters of gas.